The theory of panchabhuta and the human body:
The human body is in a state of continuous flux or dynamic equilibrium.
The pancha bhutas are represented in the human body as the doshas, dhatus
and malas. Any imbalance among these constituents result in ill health
and disease. So these doshas, dhatus and malas should be in a state of
perfect equilibrium for the body to remain healthy.
DOSHA:- Dosha is the Sanskrit word,
commonly taken to mean roughly "force"
or "fault". So the doshas
are bodily energies (like bio-energies), which influence all living matter,
and mental energies too. And the term means, "fault",
it is understood that any imbalance will lead to a disorder in the body
or the mind.
There are three doshas in body
And these three doshas are known as tridoshas.
Vata:-Vata is the combination of air
and ether element. It
is responsible for the movement, sensation and for the bodily function.
It is connected with the activity and vitality, controls the "empty"
space within the body and the nervous system. It also controls the cell
division. The action of heart, lungs, stomach and intestine. It guides
the activities of brain and the motor organs and is responsible for the
elimination of waste matter. Excess of Vata may leads to premature aging;
dry skin, slow healing of wounds etc.
There are five types of vata, seated in the body
and they are (i)praana, (ii)vyana,
(iii)samana, (iv)apana, (v)udana.
(i) A thin body and little weight gain
(ii) Dry and rough skin
(iii) Black and dry hair
(iv) Dull-looking eyes
(v) Teeth prone to decay
(vi) High sex drive
is composed of fire
and water element. Responsible
for digestion, metabolism, intelligence and energy. They perspire freely
and tend to a warm body temperature. They are active, sharp, ambitious,
display leadership qualities and enjoy fine things. They are creative
There are five types of Pitta. Seated in different
parts of the body.
(i)Paachaka, (ii)Ranjaka, (iii)Sadhaka, (iv)Aalochaka,
(i) Moderate body, neither too heavy nor
(ii) Soft, oily, warm skin
(iii) Sharp, penetrating eyes
(iv) Moderate in size
(v) Moderate sex drive
(vi) Hair falls out easily
(vii) Good appetite
(viii) Free, often excessive perspiration
Kapha:-It is made up of water and
earth element. It is responsible for strengthening the stomach and the
joints, providing firmness to the limbs and refreshing the sense organs
are the representatives of Kapha. In this type they seem dull, slow and
resistant to change and the unfamiliar. They are inclined to conserve
(energy, strength and money) rather than spend. They are tolerant, forgiving
calm and slow to anger, but are slow to absorb information. They are not
prone to information, more materialistic than spiritual.
There are five types of Kaphas (i)Kledaka,
(ii) Avalambaka, (iii) Bodhaka
(iv)Tarpaka, (v) Sleshaka.
(i) The body is thick and overweight
(ii) Thick, oily, cool skin
(iii) Big, attractive eyelashes
(iv) Strong, white teeth
(v) Tendency to oversleep
(vi) Low sex approach
(vii) Medium intelligence
There are some special areas in the body in which each dosha predominates,
the chest and head region for Kapha. Digestive organs for Pitta and the
intestines for Vata.
THE DHATUS: -
The Sanskrit word dhatu means constructing
element. The dhatus are the body constituents and form the
basic structure of the body. Each one is having its own function. The
dhatus are seven in number.
*Rasa (foodjuice):-It is present
in liquid form (related to water element). Contains nutrients form digested
food and nourished all the tissues, organs and systems.
*Rakta(blood):-It is formed
from fire. It governs oxygenation in all tissues and vital organs and
*Mamsa(muscle tissue):-It is
related to earth element. Mamsa covers the delicate organs, responsible
for the movement of joints and the physical strength of the body.
*Medas(fat tissue):-It is made
up of water and earth element. It lubricates and oils to all the tissues
of human body.
*Asti(bone tissue):-It is formed
by air and earth element and gives support to the body structure.
from water element. Fills up the hollow spaces of bone.
means the reproductive form and contains the ingredients of all tissues
and are responsible for reproduction.
The seven dhatus are understood in a natural, biological, serial order
of manifestation MALAS:
It means the waste products or the by-products of dhatu. When the process
of digestion is over, the malas play a supporting role while they are
in the body, and when they are eliminated; their supporting role is finished.
The useful elements absorbed by the body as useful matter, while those
execrated are known as malas(waste matter). The chief malas are-
According to Yogic tradition, the
human personality is comprised of five bodies or Koshas. The word Kosha
means "sheath" or "body"
and Pancha means five.
These five Koshas range from the gross to the transcendental dimension.
Annamaya Kosha: Annamaya Kosha is
the body of matter, which can be animate or inanimate. It may be a table,
a tree or a physical body, all these are considered as Annamaya Kosha.
The only difference is the table is inanimate and the body is animate.
So the Annamaya Kosha or material body is a vast concept.
Pranamaya Kosha:This is the body of
energy. We move our body, what helps energy, the prana or us to move the
body, i.e.. Which is in "subtle form" inside the body. It is
the force or energy, which maintains and supports the physical body.
Manomaya Kosha:It means the mind
sheath. This Manomaya Kosha also incorporates the various other
aspects of the mind. The conscious, subconscious and unconscious expression,
behavior and relationship are all aspects of Manomaya Kosha. The various
states of mind such as joy, cheerfulness, euphoria, happiness, worries,
anxiety, depression and frustration are also the aspects of Manomaya Kosha.
Vijnanmaya Kosha:Vijnanmaya Kosha
means the sheath of wisdom where the
subtle knowledge is experienced. There are two aspects of levels of this
(i) Lower aspect is the internal and external
(ii)Second aspect is the understanding of Samskara
When we go into this sheath through various sadhanas, the awareness of
the body and mind is lost, and the awareness of the subtle mind takes
place along with the awareness of the soul.
Anandamaya Kosha:-It is known as bliss body here, the experience of soul
or sprit takes place. When Anandamaya Kosha is experienced, one does not
remain human any longer. One becomes divine and that is the realization
of the self or God. .
The Koshas represent an aspect of yogic psychology.
YOGIC PSYCHO PHYSIOLOGY
The Yogis believes that there are psychic centres and pathways in the
body, through which all type of bodily function goes on. These centres
are known as "Chakra" and pathways are known as nadies. And
most of these chakras are located in sushumna nadi. And this sushumna
is the main energy pathway.
Chakras:-There are so many charkas
in our body .But seven of them are very important .
MOOLADHAR-It is located in perineum. From here the spiritual evolution
started .One goes beyond animal consciousness and progress starts for
a real human being.
SWADHISTAN:-Situated in the coccyx
(tail bone of spine). Corresponds to the sacral flexus of nerves and controls
MANIPUR:-It is located in the spine
behind the navel. Corresponds to solar flexus of nerves. Regulates the
bodily temperature, digestion and assimilation.
ANAHAT:-It is located in the spine
behind the base of the heart. Corresponds to cardiac flexus of nerves.
Controls the function of heart, lungs, diaphragm etc.
VISUDDHI:-Located in the spine, behind
the throat pit. Corresponds cervical plexus of nerves. Controls the epiglottis,
thyroid glands etc.
AJNA:-It is located in the middle
of the brain directly above the spine, behind the eyebrow centre. Corresponds
to the pineal gland. It has the complete control over all the bodily function.
SAHASHRARA:-Situated at the crown
of the head. It is the final culmination of kundalini shakti. Which is
the seat of higher awareness.
Nadies:-It means a flow or current.
The Yogis believes that there are 72,000 of nadies
in our body. These nadies connect the different chakras and
psychic centres in the subtle body. Mainly three nadies are important
for the practitioner.
Ida:This psychic channel represents
the mental energy. It is said to be the lunar or receptive force. This
Ida nadi visualized from Mooladhar to Ajna in the subtle body.
Pingala:This represents to the vital
energy. It emanate from Mooldhar to Ajna in the subtle body. Pingala is
the solar or dynamic force.
Sushumna:It is the main and most important
nadi in the psychic body. Its base is at Moordhar chakra and travels straight
upward through the spinal column via Swadistan, Manipur, Anahat,Vishuddhi
lastly to Ajna. And again it travels directly upward passing through Ajna
and bindu and terminates at the centre of Sahashrara.
Both Ayurveda and Yoga are sister science. According to Ayurveda, the
practice of Yoga is a spiritual science of life, which important, natural,
preventive measure to ensure good health. Ayurveda is the science of the
body and only when the body has become fit is the individual considered
ready to study the spiritual science of Yoga.